IoT: How It’s Changing Our World

Our world is ever evolving. From smart assistants to driverless cars, all our childhood fantasies are now turning into realities. Technology is on the rise and soon, our textbook ideas are coming into life, rising up to the challenges of our changing world.

Internet of Things (IoT) has grown incredibly, facilitating the technological boom across various industries. IoT is changing our world for a better tomorrow.

IoT is creating a new, quantifiable and measurable world, where people and businesses manage their assets in an informed way, making more timely and better-informed decisions about what is needed to be done. This new connected world brings fundamental changes to society and to their consumers. IoT creates many practical improvements in our world, increasing our convenience, health, and safety while improving energy efficiency and comfort by analyzing the world. Business Insider predicts that by 2020 there will be over 24 billion users.  IoT is in fact, bring change to our world we know in various ways.

Smart Appliances

Smart appliances help us to manage our household chores better. The devices like a smart refrigerator which help us remind the provisions needed to buy or smart lighting systems helping us save our electricity bills come quite handy in our everyday lives.

For example, Samsung has brought its Family Hub refrigerator, which does everything from playing hit tunes to managing your grocery list. Grocery management has a  simple concept. Three cameras are placed to take photos of the interior of your fridge each time when the door is opened. The photos can be accessed from a smartphone to see what goodies you need to buy.

Healthcare

IoT is well-suited for healthcare. It collects and monitors data from devices so that more and more doctors and the hospital will make use of this emerging technology to track the vital statistics of their patients. Hospitals have already begun to use smart beds to inform nurses when a patient leaves their bed, which can also adjust to a comfortable posture for an individual patient. There are microbots used to track detect the changes in temperature and other statistics of a patient.

Cleaner and Smarter cities

IoT helps cities improve their public health. Cities suffering from chronic pollution, such as Delhi and Beijing, have begun to deploy sensors designed to alert residents when the containment levels are dangerously high.

Internet-linked sensors, along with software and a data analytics platforms have enabled cities to provide smart water technology, automated street lighting, remote-controlled irrigation for parks and fountains, smarter waste management, digital bus routes, and smart parking meters. The IoT-enabled urban services have reduced traffic jams and pollution, as well as conserving water, light and energy usage. IoT based solutions are often used to control traffic jams. Solar energy based IoT devices helps to cut down our natural resources.

Smart Agriculture

From massive agribusiness players to small organic farmers, farmers and producers all over the world are users of IoT to reduce their consumption of water, fertilizers, cut waste and to improve the quality or yield of their products. From tracking the climate to closely monitoring the temperature changes and humidity levels, IoT plays a major part in agriculture as perishable goods move from field to warehouse to store in order to extend their shelf life and eliminate waste.

California’s recent historic drought forced farmers to search for innovative ways to reduce water consumption. Technology helps them with tools like drone imagery and soil sensors, measuring real-time conditions. This precision agriculture can enable farmers to cut water and fertilizer use by up to 40 percent, without reducing yields.

Abundant Food Supply

Farmers may adapt to the new technology at a slow pace, but eventually, it will do the job. As farmers realize the benefits of assessing potential conditions of a crop in real time, analyzing and knowing exactly how to proceed with the farming techniques, the more they will use smart devices in farming.

More the usage of smart techniques for farming, more the product. This will lead to an abundance of food supply around the world.

Renewable Energy

Renewable energy will be on a rise as devices will depend on green sources for power. Transportation is a field where major changes will be visible, while connected homes will easily run on solar and wind power. A Smart Grid may soon come in place, making power to be distributed more efficiently causing fewer blackouts and brownouts. Smart meters and thermostats will also make an impact.

IoT has limitless possibilities on changing this world to a better one. The world is evolving and so is our technology. The changes in the upcoming years is almost impossible to imagine. IoT empowers the users to be more informed and make data-based decisions about shared resources. Whether we live in a crowded city or on a remote farm, the Internet of Things can take us to a better future.

Why Outsource Software Development?

Outsourcing software development is one of the best options for businesses to march towards their digital transformation goals while cutting down the risks and maintaining a cost-savings approach. There are numerous companies who have understood the advantages of outsourcing and are now followers of this path. Budding entrepreneurs always attempt new methods to get things done in an inexpensive, faster and more productive manner. The technology has moved significantly forward in the present day, allowing professionals to do their job online anywhere, anytime. That is where outsourcing comes into the play. The business owner can get things done cheaper and faster job completion with a team of an outsourced skilled multidisciplinary team than an in-house team.

The experts work in the software development outsourcing companies perform as contractors and help the startup owners to reduce the overhead costs related to taxes, health care or compensations. Outsourcing may be a painstaking and time-consuming process for some. However, if one figure out how to build and set up a project with support from outside engineers, it improves the outcomes, economies, efficiencies, and sustainability for business. Outside software experts are compensated way less than their in-house counterparts. However, this is not the only benefit of outsourcing than employing someone. Here are various reasons why outsourcing is advantageous and beneficial.

Cost Efficiency

Enterprises look out for more job done with a lesser budget. Outsourcing software development cuts the cost while reducing the workload. Outsourcing eliminates the IT recruiting budget. Also, the freelancers cost less than offering someone a salary. The near-shoring partners from countries like India offer the same tasks to be done at a much lower cost than their U.S counterparts The upfront investment is nil, making development projects much more attractive.

Time Saving

With people working and deadlines to be completed, the product is guaranteed to have a shorter time-to-market delivery when outsourced. Having a dedicated software development team with experience in agile methodology allows the product to be market ready faster than the in-house counterparts. This improves the competitiveness greatly and gives a head start against the competitors.

Talent Pool

Outsourcing the software developers gives one immediate access to a well-qualified talent pool. There will be immediate access to some of the best and brightest technology professionals. Since the outsourcing company will be an expert in the tech field, they can make sure that the projects are done optimally and professionally. This allows the company to start their projects faster, minimize the mistakes and provide a quality, tested product in very less time.

Flexibility

When outsourcing, one does not have to spend time recruiting, hiring, training, and housing employees for the projects. One does not have to worry about increasing the employees as the project grows.

Focusing on Strategy

Having the software developed by an outsourcing company streamlines one’s business processes. Having a focused strategy is one of the most competitive advantages in the industry.

Access to Domain Knowledge

Expanding into new markets is one of the top go-to growth strategies for today’s competitive businesses. While you may begin with one idea for a useful app, working with innovative software experts is sure to open your eyes to emerging opportunities. Robust software development companies with multidisciplinary teams feature a variety of competency centers, like AI, Mobile, and .NET, so they can easily poise your enterprise for further expansion.

Improved Compliance

By outsourcing the software development process, one can gain access to international talents without the legal compliance one goes through while hiring employees. The outsourcing company takes care of all the legal paperwork and customs which helps one focus on other things regarding their business.

Enhanced Accuracy

Outsourcing helps a great deal in finding the right talents and easing off your human-resource problems. Even if finding the right candidates from one’s company, talented employees can be recruited from various countries by outsourcing.

Technological Advancement

Technology is ever evolving. and keeping up with the growing economy can be concerning. By outsourcing your software development, you can get access to new perspectives around the world, and meet innovative people with strong and diverse technical expertise.

Meeting Customer Expectations

A good outsourcing company helps in researching and identifying target customers’ personas. Taking the time to engage in personal development allows one to understand the intended audience better, and thus, building products suiting the client’s interest.

Outsourcing can take care of several functions. From management training to payroll software, outsourcing takes care of it all. Offshore development is growing into a giant industry. Outsourcing is the best solution in the age of globalization and technological advancement.

To summarize, the crucial factor in outsourcing companies is picking the right business partner. It is something that one can experience and face when building up their first startup. One need to collect all the data and information, acquaint with recommendations and check out the ratings to take the correct strategic decision.

Nuventure Connect has over a decade of experience serving offshore enterprises on various domains. Our technology expertise and passion for customer service has helped us become essential partners to our clients worldwide. Get in touch with us today to discuss how we can work together. You can also email us at business@nuventure.in

Ruby vs Python

Ruby vs Python: The ultimate battle

A tough question that goes through the mind of all web developers. Ruby vs Python. Which one is better? Both of them are popular languages suited for developing web applications. In short, it’s the clash of the Titans.

The Language

Python is inspired by languages like C/C++, Java, Perl, Lisp, and ICON. Python believes in “only one best way to do a particular thing”, thus being strict on indentation and layout, even the amount of whitespace to use. Therefore Python is said to be easy to learn and extremely readable.

Ruby is influenced by languages like C, Java, Perl, and C++. Ruby believes in “language’s code should always cause as little confusion as possible for the developer.” Ruby makes use of blocks or first-class objects. A block is treated as a unit within the program, resulting in the language to be extremely potent, combining with the use of lambdas and functional programming. Additionally, Ruby takes the OOP concept to a great extent.

The Frameworks

Ruby on Rails is the popular web framework built using the Ruby programming language while the most popular web framework built using the Python programming language is Django.

The Similarity

Being high-level, object-oriented scripting languages, both Python and Ruby have similar performance. They both come with standard libraries, an interactive shell, and persistence support and are excellent choices for web development.

The Differences

 Ruby and Python take a different approach to solve problems.

Ruby is flexible and empowers the programmers. Ruby on Rails allows the developers to perform many little tricks to make an elegant web framework. The flexibility seems to be magical at times but this could even do harm at times. Sometimes code works when you didn’t expect it to and leaves you feeling really impressed. Other times the tracking down bugs could be hard and will cost you hours.

Python follows a more direct approach to programming. The aim is to ensure that everything is clear to the programmer. Python loses the elegance that Ruby gives but makes it easier to learn the code and debug problems.

Ruby showcases the flexibility of the language while Python focuses on the directness and readability of the code. Ruby focusses on giving the programmers the freedom to adopt the approach they want. Python emphasis on the ease of use and learning in a single right way of doing something. As a result, Python developers are conservative in their approach and the developments and new features of Django are added slowly. On the other hand, Ruby developers enjoy the freedom and change they get resulting in the Rails framework to undergo constant changes.

The Community Support

Both Python and Ruby both have huge community support, influencing in the direction of the language, updates, and the way software is built.

Python has a much more diverse community than Ruby as there are many academic use cases in both Math and Science that Python resulting in the support in those areas. Python is also installed on almost every Linux systems making it the perfect language for server usage.

Ruby’s started to gain popularity since Rails came out in 2005. The Ruby community grows quickly around Rails and focused on web development. The community gets more diverse with time, but it does not have the same diversity that Python has.

Major Users

Python has been used by many companies including Google, Pinterest, Instagram, National Geographic, Mozilla Firefox, and the Washington Post.

Ruby on Rails is the popular web framework built using the Ruby programming language while the most popular web framework built using the Python programming language is Django.

Ruby has been used by companies like Apple, Twitter, Airbnb, Shopify, Hulu, Github, and Groupon.

The Verdict

It’s still hard to point out which language is the better one. Each language has preferred areas where they are better, due to the features and support they provide. If you are into developing web applications, go with Ruby on Rails. They have a very strong community who are always on the bleeding edge. If you are interested in developing web applications but would also like to learn the language more generally, focusing on academic and scientific programming, go for Python and Django. They have a diverse community, influenced and supported by the various industries.

Jekyll Docker image missing C headers

So, if you are using Jekyll Docker image and you need to install any Ruby gems that require C headers, such as raindrops in my case, which was a dependency for unicorn, you will find yourself faced with this error:

fatal error: asm/types.h: No such file or directory

Fortunately, there is a quick fix for this. Jekyll docker image allows you to add system dependencies very easily. You just need to mention the dependent packages inside a file called .apk at the root of your project or beside Dockerfile. Since the docker image is based out of Alpine linux, you need to specify the correct package name as in Alpine packages.

Create a file called .apk and add the following line to it.

linux-headers

Now, when you bring up your containers, it will automatically install the linux-headers package which contains all the required header files and proceed to installing the gems successfully.

Vim Bootstrap – generate .vimrc for your favorite programming language

Programmers in the current era like to work using IDEs because it is more user friendly. But there are reasonable number of programmers who still use command line for programming. Their favourite editor might be Vim. Vim is easy to use, light-weight and comes with almost every Unix distribution. Unlike IDEs, it does not hang easily. The only problem with Vim editor is that it does not have inbuilt syntax highlighters. Checkout Vim Bootsrap , problem solved. Using the site you can generate .vimrc file for your favourite programming language. Copy the .vimrc file in your home directory. Now, you are ready to start programming using your favourite language. Vim Bootstrap comes with support of c, python, php, javascript, perl, go and lot more.

Become a successful software developer

Success is what everyone wants. It can only be achieved through sheer hard work. How can you become a successful software developer?  Well, it is not that hard. Practicing a few small things can do wonders.

Solve problems:

Try to solve maximum problems. You can find a lot of resources in internet. For example, you can find python practice book here. Remember, practice makes man perfect.

Simple Hello,world!:

When you start to study/implement something, first you have to make sure  simple things work properly. Always go for ‘Hello,world!’ first.

Write simple, readable code:

Writing bunches of code does not make you a good programmer, write code as simple as possible. It should be readable and self explanatory.

Personal projects:

Do some personal projects. Implementing a project will increase your confidence level upto a great extent. You may come across some difficulties, but in the end you will be a happy person. It helps you to identify your strengths and weaknesses. It would be nice if you can reverse engineer some of the projects you like. Push your work on  github. So that, you can show others what you have done.

Googling:

Want to become the best in the industry? The only shortcut is, to become a good googler. Googling is an art. You might have noticed that an experienced developer gets solutions easily while googling than a less experienced developer. It will also be more accurate. That is, googling skill improves through experience. If you are a newbie, don’t worry there are some tips and tricks to improve your googling skill. Here is an article which can help you to be a good googler.

Communication:

Communication plays a key role in becoming a successful professional. Efficient communication increases productivity. When you are starting to do a task, make sure that you are clear on it. Discuss with your seniors and team lead to get a more clearer picture. When you discuss with others, you will get more points on the topic and get feedback of your approach.

Blogging:

Blogging is another way to improve your knowledge. By blogging, you can share your ideas and knowledge. Writing a blog in a topic which you are comfortable, will make you thorough with it. It also improves your language.

Read Tech news:

You should be technically updated. You can achieve this trait by  reading some of these sites.

SlashdotArstechnicaMashableGizmodoTechcrunch

Active in forums:

Be active in forums and discussions. It will improve your knowledge and make you sharper. Stack Overflow is a good site to start with.

Wearable Computers…

Introduction to wearable computers

Simply put , its a technology that incorporate in things you wear on day to day basis and it could be anything from a smart watch, augmented reality glasses or even a personal health monitor in the form of a bracelet.

The idea is that technology will increasingly become more part of our day to day lives, and it will become more intrusive as it will be part of our clothing and sometimes even part of our bodies.

The design of wearable computers is still a topic of research and a variety of user interfaces are being developed each day.

Brief history of Wearable Computers

Due to the varied definitions of “wearable” and “computer”, the first wearable computer could be as early as the first abacus on a necklace, a 16th-century abacus ring, the first wristwatch made by Breguet for the Queen of Naples in 1810 or the pocket watch from the 1500′. The first wearable computer that fits into the 20th century image was a computer designed to predict Roulette Wheels, this was invented in 1961 by Edward O Thorpe. A data tracker hidden in his shoes would track the speed of the Roulette Wheels and the computer would indicate what to bet on.

In 1967, Hubert Upton developed a technology which allowed the person wearing the glasses to lip read, this was using the LED device.

Steve Mann’s Concept…

Steve Mann, a professor at the University of Toronto, defined computer is not merely a time-keeping or calculating device, but rather a user-programmable item for complex algorithms, interfacing, and data management.

By this definition, he in 1981 Steve Mann designed and built a backpack-mounted CMOS 6502-based wearable multimedia computer with text, graphics, and multimedia capability, as well as video capability (cameras and other photographic systems). Mann went on to be an early and active researcher in the wearables field, especially known for his 1994 creation of the Wearable Wireless web cam

Steve Mann’s Wear-Comp Concept.

Steve Mann's Wear-Comp Concept

Applications & Future…

For the past few years, industry pundits have been predicting the death of the personal computer. I guess the personal computer is not dying, but is becoming even more personal. It is now something you’re going to wear – in your clothing, jewelry, shoes, glasses, watches, and even on your skin.

Military :

The wearable computer was introduced to the American Army in 1989. This was a small computer that was meant to assist soldiers at the battlefield. Since this the concept has grown into the current Land Warrior program and proposal for future systems The most extensive military program in the wearables arena is the US Army’s Land Warrior system, which will eventually be merged into the Future Force Warrior system.

F-INSAS is an Indian Military Project, designed largely with wearable computing. Indian Scientist, Prof. Dr. Andrews Samraj, Suggests an Ambush, emergency response, Life saving and rehabilitation for all operation strategists by the non invasive wearable technology.

Health care Industry :

Smart electronic “tattoos” will enable continual fetal monitoring. Today, the data must be uploaded by going near a reader, but in the future the data will be uploaded to the cloud in real time, from anywhere.

Smart electronic “tattoos”

There are some more examples like wearable automatic calorie monitoring and balancing system and health monitoring devices.

Entertainment Industry :

Wearable computer as devices to immerse the player more fully in the computer games or experiences him/she is currently interacting with. Currently there are already VR headsets which allows the user to change his view just by moving his head.

Future:

Wearable Computers would dominate in the near future, years ago you would not have thought that you could do some of the things you can do today as computers are getting smaller and more powerful they can be integrated into virtually anything.

Advantages & Disadvantages….

Advantages
  1. Enhanced Communication
  2. Can be used to recognize a person in a high alerted area
  3. Flexibility
  4. Freedom
  5. Work from anywhere
  6. User Convenience
Disadvantages
  1. Expensive
  2. Can cause irritation in heat
  3. Side Effects such as Headaches
  4. Wearable Computers can invade privacy
  5. Costly

Wearables From India

F-INSAS (Futuristic Infantry Soldier as A System )

Is an Indian Military Project, designed largely with wearable computing

FIN

Is a Tiny Wearable Device that you can wear on the Thumb of your hand as a ring and it will make your whole Palm, Fingers as Numeric Keypad and Gesture space. Developed in Kochi by a small company called RHL Vision Technologies.

Smart Cap

Arvind Sanjeev based out of Kochi India took less than a month and around INR 4500 to replicate Google glass via open source hardware.

Conclusion

Whatever area wearable computer technology is applied to you can see that it willl improve the quality of life and make day-to-day life less complicated. It is only our imagination which will limit the number of applications for this new emerging technology.

It may take some time for wearables to be commonly accepted. After all, it was once unusual to see people using cell phones or wireless microphones, but they have been embraced.